|Agra is a city in Uttar Pradesh,
India. It is located at the banks of river Yamuna, 363 kilometres ( 226 mi ) west of state capital, Lucknow and 200 kilometres ( 124 mi ) south from national capital New Delhi. With a population of 1,686,976 ( 2010 est. ), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India.Because 80 percent of the city's sewage flows into Yamuna River, it is 20th most polluted city in India. Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters
in Agra city.Though Agra's history is largely recognised with Mughal Kingdom,but the place was established much before it and has linkages since Mahabharat period and Mahirshi Angira in 1000 BC. It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodī, the Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate founded Agra in the year 1504. After
the Sultan's death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodī. He ruled his Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to Bābar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526.